Zarina Hashmi’s characteristic ability to distil emotion down to its most essential and expressive forms, builds her personal vocabulary into a political statement. Born in Aligarh in 1937, much of her works are marked by the aftermath of Partition and the experience of exile. Having travelled the world and lived in many different cities, Hashmi began to incorporate maps in her works, which expanded to include the topographical details of cities whose histories have been torn due to political conflicts—Aligarh, New Delhi, New York, Baghdad, Kabul. Through a few lines, abstracted geometry, essential colours and evoking a language slowly dying: Urdu; she uses individual expression to capture collective experience.
Her preoccupation with architecture is a grasp of memory, isolation and nostalgia. Within these lines and colours, she reassembles her visions of her house in Aligarh and her childhood that was enriched with words and language. Rotation, Repetition, Mirroring, Layering and Weaving, forms the poetics of her attempted perfection of geometry in which is contained her internalised narratives of experience, of memory and of feeling.
Zarina has had a long career in which her work has been exhibited at Gallery Espace, New Delhi; Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris; Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York, Mills College Museum, Oakland, California; Alana Gallery, Oslo and in many other galleries all over the world. Her first retrospective exhibition was held in 2012 at The Hammer Museum, Los Angeles and then travelled to Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York and the Art Institute of Chicago.
She was one of the represented artists in the 54th International Art Exhibition, Venice Biennale . Zarina’s work has been published in numerous books and catalogues including Expansion-Resonance published by Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris ; Zarina: Weaving Memory by Bodhi Art, Mumbai ; Counting 1977-2005 published by Bose Pacia, New York .
Zarina is the recipient of several awards like the Residency Award at the New York University’s Asian/Pacific/American Institute and Artist in Residence at the University of Richmond, both in 2017. She also received the President’s Award for Printmaking, India in 1969. She has taught in several universities like the New York Feminist Art Institute, Cornel University and New York University.
The artist lives and works in New York.
Born in 1937, Aligarh, India
Lives and works in New York, USA
Atelier-17, Paris, France
Bachelor of Science (Honors), Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India
Luhring Augustine, New York, NY (Forthcoming)
Weaving Darkness and Silence, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Dark Roads, A/P/A Institute, New York University, New York
Life Lines, Jeanne Bucher Jaeger, Paris
Descending Darkness, Luhring Augustine, New York
Zarina: Folding House, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Zarina: Paper Like Skin, The Art Institute of Chicago, New York
Zarina: Paper Like Skin, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Zarina: Paper Like Skin, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles
Zarina Hashmi: Recent Works, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Noor: Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Zarina Hashmi: Anamnesis, 1970 – 1989, Lakeeren, The Contemporary Art Gallery, Mumbai
The Ten Thousand Things, Luhring Augustine, New York
Art and Space, Guggenheim Bilbao, Bilbao, Spain
Thirty Works for Thirty Years, Menil Collection, Houston
Summer of 2017, 1 x 1 Gallery, Dubai
Exhibition 1, Institute of Arab & Islamic Art, New York
PASSION DE L’ART, Jeanne Bucher Jaeger, Paris
On Line Dot, Japan Foundation, New Delhi
The Restless Earth, Fondazione Nicola Trussardi, La Triennale di Milano
Popcorn: design, art et cinema, Museé d’art moderne et contemporain de Saint Étienne
Métropole, Saint Étienne, Rhône-Alpes
Alchemy: Transformations in Gold, Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa.
Workshop and Legacy: Stanley William Hayter, Krishna Reddy, Zarina Hashmi, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Dialogue VIII, Jeanne Bucher Jaeger, Paris
Getting Across: An Exhibition on Borders, Goethe-Institut/Max Mueller Bhavan, New Delhi
Archaeology of the present, Museé d’art moderne et contemporain de Saint Étienne Métropole, Saint Étienne, Rhône-Alpes, France.
Le Contemporain dessiné. Parcours aux Decoratifs: Drawing Now Paris, Museé des Arts decoratifs, Paris
The Armory Show, Gallery Espace Booth, New York
The Journey is the Destination: The Artist’s Journey Between Then and Now, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, Mumbai
Built/World, SCAD Museum of Art, Savannah, Georgia.
We Refugees – Of the Right to Have Rights, Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe, Germany.
Quinte-Essence, Jeanne Bucher Jaeger, Paris
Apparitions: Frottages and Rubbings from 1860 to Now, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles.
Formal Relations, Taymour Grahne Gallery, New York
Drawing Biennial, Drawing Room, Tannery Arts, London
The Armory Show, Gallery Espace Booth, New York
Carte Blanche to Luhring Augustine, Galerie Patrick Seguin, Pari, France
Constructs | Constructions, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art, New Delhi
Neither Here, Nor There: Borders and Mobility in Contemporary Art, Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, St. Louis
Organic Sculpture, Alison Jacques Gallery, London
Experiments with Truth: Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence, Musée international de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge (International Red Cross and Crescent Museum), Geneva
Possibilities of Paper: Select Works by Lucas Artists Fellows (2005-2015), Montalvo Art Center, Saratoga, CA.
Dialogue VI, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Drawing 2014: Seven Decades of Indian Drawing, Gallery Espace, New Delhi
Art and Truth: Gandhi and Images of Nonviolence, Menil Collection, Houston
Artevida, Casa França-Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Beyond Modern: Nineteenth-Century French Drawings from the Morgan Library and Museum and the Menil Collection, Menil Collection, Houston
Zameen, Art District XIII. Lado Sarai, New Delhi
Trajectories: 19th – 21st century printmaking in Pakistan & India, Sharjah Art Museum, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Advance through Retreat, Rockbund Art Museum, Shanghai
SABZA O GUL, Chawkandi Art Gallery, Karachi
Matter and Memory, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Sculptrices, Villa Datris, L’Isle-Sur-La-Sorgue, France
Beyond Belief: 100 Years of the Spiritual in Modern Art, Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco
Black Sun, Devi Foundation, Delhi
Companionable Silences, Palais de Tokyo, Paris
Dialogue V, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Women In-Between: Asian Women Artists 1984-2012
Fukuoka Asian Art Museum
Okinawa Prefectural Museum & Art Museum
Tochigi Prefectural of Fine Arts
Mie Prefectural Art Museum
Lines of Control, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of art, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
Dialogue IV, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Dialogue III, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
Contemporary Galleries:1980 – Now, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Homespun: Devi Art Foundation, New Delhi
Everyone Agrees: It’s about to Explode, India Pavilion, 54th La Biennale di Venezia, Venice
Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern and Contemporary Art from India,
San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, California
Drawn from Life; A Green Cardamom Project, Abbot Hall Art Gallery, Cumbria, England
Untitled (12th Istanbul Biennial), Istanbul
Si l’espace n’était qu’une dimension intérieure [What if space was only an inside notion], Abbaye St André, Centre d’art contemporain, Meymac, France
Mind and Matter: Alternative Abstractions, 1940s to Now, The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Luhring Augustine 25 Years, Luhring Augustine, New York
Orientations: Trajectories in Indian art, Foundation “De 11 Lijnen,” Oudenburg, Belgium
A Collection, Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai
Hand, Voice, Vision: Artists’ Books from Women’s Studio Workshop,
The Groiler Club, New York
Dialogue I, Galerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia 1860-1989, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
Expansions-Résonance, Gallerie Jaeger Bucher, Paris
India Moderna: IVAM Institut Valencia d’Art Moderne, Valencia, Spain
A Year in Exhibitions / Annual Report: The 7th Gwangju Biennale, Gwangju, South Korea
Gouge: The Modern Woodcut, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, California
Frontlines: Notations from the Contemporary Indian Urban, Bodhi Berlin, Berlin
Fault Lines, Bodhi Art, Mumbai
Drawn From Life: Drawing Space, Green Cardamom, London
Everywhere is War (And Rumours of War), Bodhi Art, Mumbai
Fluid Structures, Vadehra Gallery, New Delhi
Khullar, Sonal. Worldly Affiliations: Artistic Practice, National Identity, and Modernism in India, 1930–1990, 2–3, 5. Oakland: University of California Press, 2015.
Nasreen Mohamedi: Waiting Is a Part of Intense Living, 21, 193, 204, 275–76, 278. Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2015.
Ritterskamp, Julia, and Gérard A. Goodrow. Passages: Indian Art Today, 177, 180–81, 184–87. Cologne, Germany: DAAB Media, 2014.
Stout, Katharine. “Abstraction.” Contemporary Drawing from the 1960s to Now, 33. London: Tate Enterprises, 2014.
Between the Lines: A Coloring Book of Drawings by Contemporary Artists. Vol. 4, 104–5. New York: RxArt, 2013.
Milford-Lutzker, Mary-Ann. “The Poetry of Zarina‘s Art.” Indian Painting—Essays in Honour of B. N. Goswamy, 411–21. Nashik, India: Mapin Publishing, 2013.
Mufti, Aamir R. ”Zarina Hashmi and the Arts of Dispossession”. Lines of Control: Partition as a Productive Space, 87–99, 170–71. Ithaca, NY: Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University; London: Green Cardamom, 2012.
Pohl, Frances K., Framing America: A Social History of American Art (3rd Edition), Thames & Hudson, London, 2012 (image used on front cover)
Brown, Rebecca and Hutton, Deborah, ed. A Companion to Asian Art and Architecture. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2011 (discussed)
Mathur, Saloni, Ed. The Migrant’s Time: Rethinking Art History and Diaspora, Clark Studies in the Visual Arts, 2011.
Kazmi, Nuzhat, Islamic Art: The Past and Modern, Roli Books, New Delhi, 2009.
O’Reilly, Andrea, Ed. Mothering, Race, Ethnicity, Culture and Class, Journal of the Association for Research on Mothering, Summer/Fall 2007, Volume 9, Number 2. (Images of artwork featured alongside Meena Alexander’s poetry)
Appadurai, Arjun, Fear of Small Numbers: An Essay on the Geography of Anger, Duke University Press, Durham and London, 2006
Machida, Margo, Unsettled Visions: Contemporary Asian American artists and the social imaginary. Duke University Press, Durham and London, 2008.
Mufti, Aamir R, Enlightenment in the Colony. Priceton University Press, Princeton and Oxford. 2007.
Sen, Geeti and Kaushal, Molly, Ed. Journeys: Heroes, Pilgrims, Explorers, India International Center/ Penguin Viking/ India. 2004.
Kim, Elaine H, Machida, Margo and Mizota, Sharon, Ed. Fresh Talk / Daring Gazes: Conversations on Asian American Art, University of California Press. 2005.
Shohat, Ella and Fusco, Coco Ed. Talking Visions: Multicultural Feminism in the Age of Globalization, MIT Press and The New Museum (photograph), 2001.
Farris, Phoebe, Ed. Women Artists Of Color: A Bio-Critical Source book
20th Century Artists in the Americas, (Biographical Essay by Mary-Ann Milford-Lutzker), Greenwood Press. 1999
Krishnan, S.A., Ed. Artists’ Directory 1981. Published by Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi, India. 1981.
Artist in Residence at New York University’s Asian/Pacific/American Institute
Artist in Residence at University of Richmond, Richmond, VA
President’s Award for Printmaking, India